W: Originally, a vessel employed by government to convey dispatches or mails; hence, a vessel employed in conveying dispatches, mails, passengers, and goods, and having fixed days of sailing; a mail boat. Packet boat, ship, vessel.
F: a vessel appointed by the government to carry the mail of letters, packets, and,expresses from one kingdom to another by sea, in the most expeditious manner. Thus the packet-boats, under the direction of the post-master-general of Great Britain, carry the mails from Dover to Calais, from Falmouth to Lisbon, from Harwich to Helvoetsluys, and from Parkgate to Dublin.
W: A rope connected to the bow of a boat, used to attach it to, e.g. a jetty or another boat.
F: a rope employed to fasten a boat either alongside of the ship to which the belongs, or to some wharf, key, &c. as occasion requires.
TFD: A metal shield worn by sailmakers over the palm of the hand and used to force a needle through heavy canvas.
F: an implement used instead of a thimble in the exercise of making and mending sails. It is formed of a piece of leather or canvas, on the middle of which is fixed a round plate of iron, of an inch in diameter, whole surface is pierced with a number of small holes, to catch the head of the sail needle. The leather is formed so as to encircle the hand, and button on the back thereof, while the iron remains in the palm; so that the whole strength of the hand may be exerted to thrust the needle through the canvas, when it is stiff and difficult to be penetrated in sewing.
TFD: a mixture of flour, water, etc., or of breadcrumbs soaked in milk, used as a thickening
TFD: A sling for raising or lowering an object vertically.
F: a contrivance used by sailors to lower a cask or bale from any height, as the top of a wharf or key, into a boat or lighter, which lies alongside, being chiefly employed where there is no crane or tackle. It is formed by fastening the bight of a rope to a post, or ring, upon the wharf, and thence pulling the two parts of the rope under the two quarters of the cast, and bringing them back again over it; so that when the two lower parts remain firmly attached to the post, the two upper parts are gradually slackened together, and the barrel, or bale, suffered to roll easily downward to that place where it is received below. This method is also frequently used used by masons, in lifting up or letting down large stones, when they are employed in building; and from them it has probably been adopted by seamen.
TFD: To wind protective strips of canvas around (rope).
F: certain long narrow ships of canvas, daubed with tar, and frequently bound about a rope, in the same manner as bandages are applied to a broken limb in surgery.
parcel a rope
B: Is to put a quantity of old canvass upon it before the service is put on.
F: This is chiefly practised when the said rope is intended to be served, at which time the parceling is laid in spiral turns, as smoothly upon the surface as possible, that the rope may not become uneven and full of ridges.
parcel a seam
B: Is to lay a narrow piece of canvass over it after it is caulked, before it is payed.
F: Parceling a seam, is laying a spred of canvas upon it, and daubing it over with melted pitch, both above and below the canvas.
W: A sliding loop of rope or metal, around the mast of a ship, to which a yard or gaff is fitted
F: a machine used to fasten the sail yards of a ship to the masts, in such a manner as that they may be easily hoisted and lowered thereon, as occasion requires.
Omai, Banks, SolanderWillaim Parry (1743-1791) was a Welsh artist who is not well-known today. When the Bounty left Tahiti, Tynah gave four of Parry's paintings as gifts; two to the King and two to Bligh. Here is the Wikipedia article about The William Parry (artist). (Click the picture to see a larger version.)
D: a framework of timber round a hole in a ship's deck, to support a mast, capstan, pump, etc.
F: certain pieces of plank nailed round the several scuttles, or holes, in a ship's deck, wherein are contained the masts and capstans. They are used to strengthen the deck where it is weakened by those breaches, but particularly to support it when the mast leans against it; as impressed by a weight of sail, or when the capstan bears forcibly upon it whilst charged with a great effort. Partners is also a name given occasionally to the scuttles themselves, wherein the masts and capstan are fixed.
TFD: a thick mat that prevents chafing
F: a sort of thick and strong mat, or texture, formed by interweaving twists of rope yarn, as close as possible. It is chiefly used to fasten on the outside of the yards, or rigging, to prevent their surfaces from being rubbed by the friction of some other contiguous object, particularly when the vessel is rocked by a tempestuous sea.
D: to coat or cover (seams, a ship's bottom, etc.) with pitch, tar, or the like.
B: To daub or cover the surface of any body with pitch, tar, &c. in order to prevent it from the injuries of the weather.
F: as a naval term, implies to daub or anoint the surface of any body, in order to preserve it from the injuries of the water, weather, &c. Thus the bottom of a ship is paid with a composition of tallow, sulphur, resin, &c. The sides of a ship are usually paid with tar, turpentine, or resin; or by a composition of tar and oil, to which is sometimes added red ocher, &c. to protect the planks thereof from being split by the sun or wind. The lower masts are, for the same reasons, paid with materials of the same sort, if we except those, along which their respective sails are frequently hoisted and lowered; such are the masts of sloops and schooners, which are always paid with tallow for this purpose; for the same reason all topmasts and topgallant masts are also paid with hog's lard, butter, or tallow.
pay away the cable
F: slacken it, that it may run out of the ship. This phrase is the same with veer away the cable.
TFD: To turn or cause to turn (a vessel) to leeward.
F: (paying off) the movement by which a ship's head falls to leeward of the point whither it was previously directed; particularly when, by neglect of the helmsman, she had inclined to windward of her course, so as to make the headsails shiver in the wind, and retard her velocity.
Paying off is likewise used to signify the payment of the ship's officers and crew, and the discharge of the ship from service, in order to be laid up at the moorings.
TFD: to release (a rope) gradually, hand over hand
B: To slacken a cable or other rope, so as to let it run out for some particular purpose.
TFD: 1. The narrow portion of a ship's hull at the bow or stern. 2. The upper after corner of a fore-and-aft sail. 3. The outermost end of a gaff.
F: a name given to the upper corner of all those sails which are extended by a gaff, or by a yard which crosses the mast obliquely, as the mizen yard of a ship, the mainyard of a bilander [small merchant ship with two masts], &c. The upper extremity of those yards and gaffs are also denominated the peak.
TFD: (pendent) Hanging down; dangling; suspended. (Usual meaning in the various texts on this site.)
D: (pennant) a long, tapering flag or burgee of distinctive form and special significance, borne on naval or other vessels and used in signaling or for identification.
B: The long narrow flag worn at the masthead by all ships of the navy.
F: (pendent) a sort of long narrow banner, displayed from the masthead of a ship of war, and usually terminating in two ends or points. Pendent is also a short piece of rope, fixed under the shrouds, upon the head of the mainmast and foremast, from which it depends as low as the cat-harpins, having an eye in the lower end, which is armed with an iron thimble, to prevent the eye from being fretted by the hooks of the main and fore tackles, &c. There are, besides, many other pendents of the latter kind, which are generally single or double ropes, to whose lower extremities is attached a block, or tackle; such are the fish pendent, the yard tackle pendents, the reef tackle pendents, &c. all of which are employed to transmit the effort of their respective tackles to some distant object.
See broad pendant