Afar (also known as Qafar, Qafaraf, and Afaraf) is a Cushitic language spoken by the Afar people of Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Djibouti. It is a tonal language and has a complex noun class system. Afar is spoken by over 1 million people and it is used as a lingua franca in the region. It is written in the Latin script and has a rich oral tradition, including folktales, proverbs, and traditional songs. The Afar people have their own distinct culture, economy and political system which is different from neighboring ethnic groups.