Languages of the Americas and the Caribbean
List of official, national and spoken languages of North America, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
Thanks to the often violent colonization of the Americas, most of the spoken languages are the tongue of the conquerors, about 400 million people in the Americas speak Spanish as their First Language.
247 million people speak English as their mother tongue, 204 million people speak Brazilian Portuguese, about 8 million people speak French or French Creole.
Thousands of languages were spoken in the Americas before the arrival of the Europeans. Today most of the surviving indigenous languages of the Americas are considered to be critically endangered, they are at risk of falling out of use. It happens in our time, that the last speaker of a language dies and with him or her the language vanishes - forever.
Only four of the dominant language families, Quechua (9 million speakers) and Aymara (2.2 million speakers), Guarani (5 million speakers) and Nahuatl (Aztec; 1.5 million), the most widely spoken languages of indigenous peoples of the Americas, are considered to be not endangered.
Languages by Countries
Official and national Languages
Other spoken Languages
Antigua and Barbuda
local dialects, Creole English
English, Italian, German, French
Papiamento (Creole with Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, English roots), English (widely spoken), Spanish
Creole (among Haitian immigrants)
Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna (Carib), Creole
Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Spanish, English, French, American Indian languages
English 59%, French 23%; (Canada's Territory Nunavut wants that Inuktitut and Inuinnaqtun become official)
53 native Inuit and American-Indian languages (18%).
American Indian languages
Quechua and other Amerindian languages.
Nahua (among some Amerindians)
Spanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40%
(23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca)
Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu
most Jamaicans speak an English-based dialect which is known as Patois.
various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages.
English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast.
Aymara, and a large number of minor Amazonian languages.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Dutch (60%+),it is one of the two non Romance-speaking countries in South America.
Sranan Tongo, a Creole language contains elements from English, Portugese, Dutch, and influences from African and Indian languages Sranan Tongo, a local creole language originally spoken by the creole population group, is the most widely used language in the daily communication;
other languages spoken are Hindi, Javanese, Maroon and indigenous people languages.
Trinidad and Tobago
Hindi, French, Spanish, Chinese.
English (amazingly its not an official language, because no official language exists at the Federal level)
Spanish is the second most common language in the country, spoken by a sizable minority (over 12%).
Portunol, or Brazilero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazilian frontier).
Spanish and languages spoken by Indigenous peoples from Venezuela (Constitution of Venezuela 1999)
numerous indigenous dialects, at least 40.
Sources: Ethnologue, ISO Country Names (ISO 3166-1), ISO Languages Names (ISO 639-1), CIA World Factbook and others.